When we talk about ballroom dancing in general, we imply a whole group of dances. The main distinguishing feature of these dances is the presence of a dancing couple. Dances, as a rule, were held in a festive atmosphere in the halls, whose floor was covered with parquet. A couple is a man and a woman. In our century, a couple may consist of representatives of the same sex. At the beginning of the 20th century there was a process of standardization of ballroom dancing. Began ballroom dancing competitions. As a result of the mutual influence of dance cultures by now, all ballroom dancing is divided into two areas: sports and social. Sports component in the organization of ballroom dancing has led to the fact that there are several dance programs. This is, above all, European and Latin American.

The European program includes five dances: quickstep, tango, 
slow waltz, slow foxtrot, and Viennese waltz. The Latin American program includes dances: samba, cha-cha-cha, rumba, pasodobl, as well as jive.